Tag Archives: #TexasOilProduction

Harvey Recovery Faster Due To Changes After Karina

Issue 110 – First Corpus Christi Refinery Online

Introduction...Many changes have been made since the 2005 Hurricane Katrina tore though east Texas and Louisiana where 25% of the nation’s refinery is located.  This was reported on a September teleconference reported by the American Petroleum Institute.

Harvey’s damage…400,000 barrels per day (bpd) of production was offline to refineries and gas processing.  Ports and terminals are mostly open.  That is more important now than after Katrina because the U.S. is a major exporter of crude and oil products.

Pipelines, which are critical are mostly back to capacity including Colonial and Explorer Pipelines.

There has also been fewer electricity outages than during Katrina, an important element of refining.

Improvements…Government response has improved, noted Robert McNally, a fellow at Columba University.

The federal government understands that oil is the life-blood of a modern society.  Restoration of supplies and transportation came quickly after Harvey, McNally said.

In conclusion…“We definitely were better prepared. We appreciated the need to deal with all of the energy aspects that we identified during Katrina, but also communication between state and federal authorities seems to have gone better this time,” said Guy Caruso who previously lead the US Energy Information Agency.

Source: Nick Snow, “Changes since Katrina made post-Harvey recovery better,” Oil and Gas Journal, 8 September 2017.

Texas Refineries Prepare To Reopen – Gasoline Falls

 Issue 109 – Marathon Petroleum Refinery In Houston

Introduction...Wednesday night the reports came out that Texas would have gasoline shortage.  Thursday the lines started forming at the gas stations.  I needed gas, but decided to wait until Friday when the lines would be gone.  Well, the lines were gone, but so was the gasoline.  I went to a dozen stations before i found a Walmart that had gas.  The station was hidden behind a retaining wall, so the motorists emptied the Racetrac across the street.

By Sunday, I saw several of these gas stations were refueled and selling again.

What happened?  After rising 25% last month, gasoline prices fell for first time in two weeks as impact of Hurricane Harvey impact assessed.  Some Texas Gulf refineries have opened Saturday including Exxon Mobil 560,500 barrel per day (bpd) Baytown facility, the second largest oil refinery.  Several others are preparing to restart its refineries this week include Citgo Petroleum 157,500 bpd refinery in Corpus Christi, Texas.  Phillips 66 is preparing to resume operations at its 247,000 bpd facility in Baytown, Texas.

Another positive change for the oil industry is Occidental Petroleum has re-opened its Ingleside, Texas which is a key export hub for Permian Basin oil producers.

About 4.4 million barrels a day of U.S. refining remains closed.  The Strategic Petroleum Reserve will supply 1 million barrels of crude to the Gulf Coast plant.

Saturday, the volume of offshore U.S. Gulf of Mexico crude production still shut in declined to about 160,000 bpd.

Nearly half of U.S. refining capacity is located in the Gulf Coast region located near crude oil supplies from Texas oil fields.  Most major Texas ports remained closed to large vessels, limiting offloading imported crude.

In summary…While the Hurricane Harvey’s impact on Houston and the Gulf Coast has been horrific, the Texas oil production and crude refining facilities are being restored at a rapid pace.

Oil Markets Rebalance On Strong Demand

 Issue 106 – Oil Demand Strong

Introduction…World oil demand will grow more than expected this year, helping to ease a global glut despite rising production from North America and weak OPEC compliance with output cuts, the International Energy Agency said on Friday.

The 2017 demand growth forecast to 1.5 million barrels per day (bpd) from previous month report of 1.4 million bpd.  The report said it expected demand to expand further next year.

OPEC is cutting output by 1.2 million bpd. while Russia and other non-OPEC producers are cutting production by 600,000 bpd until Mach 2018.

Compliance by OPEC cuts in July fell by 75%, the lowest level since cuts began in January according to the IEA.

The net result is the overall oil supply in July rose by 520,000 bpd which is 500,000 bpd abovet last year’s levels.

The strain on oil producers to support oil prices as the non-OPEC output is expected to expand by 0.7 million bpd in 2017 and by 1.4 million bpd in 2018.  There are strong gains in U.S. production as we are not participating in the output caps.

In conclusion…Strong oil demand growth is helping to clear the excess oil inventories in industrialized nations in both June and July.

Source: Dmitry Zhdannikov, “IEA Says strong oil demand growth helping market rebalance,” Reuters, 11 Aug 2017.

Texas Oil & Gas Expansion Cycle

Texas Oil & Gas Expansion

Introduction…Crude oil and natural gas drilling and development in Texas has embarked upon a new cycle of expansion, according to the latest Texas Petro Index (TPI), which improved to 160.4 in March to post its fourth straight monthly increase.

Expansion is here…Driving the TPI upward during first quarter 2017 were crude oil and natural gas prices, drilling activity, the number of drilling permits issued, and the value of statewide oil and gas production, which were all higher compared to year-ago levels. However, the TPI is only about half the value of the record TPI of 313.5 in November 2014, and it still has not caught up in some other economic arenas.

Employment is increasing, but it still lags behind last year after the loss of well over 100,000 upstream jobs, said Ingham. An estimated 9,000 jobs have been added back since reaching the low point in September 2016.

Conclusion…”We still have a long way to go,” Ingham said, “but 2017 is going to be a year of recovery and expansion in the Texas statewide oil and gas exploration and production economy. “Activity levels will continue to expand, jobs will continue to be added, and the industry will support the broader state economy again, rather than acting as a drag on growth as it has for the prior two years.”

Source: “Oil and gas economy in Texas enters expansion cycle,” Oil & Gas Journal, 20 April 2017

Why Billions Are Pouring Into U.S. Shale

U.S. Shale Oil Boom

Introduction…Private equity funds raised $19.8 billion for oil ventures in the first quarter.  That is nearly three times the total raised the same period last year.

The accelerating pace of oil private equity, along with hedge funds and investment banks, arrives even as the recovery in oil prices from 8-year low has stalled at $50 per barrel due to stubborn oil glut.

Why the increase investment now?  The shale sector has become increasingly attractive to investors not because of rising oil prices, but rather because producers have achieved startling cost reductions – slashing up to half the cost of pumping a barrel in the past two years. Investors also believe the glut will dissipate as demand for oil steadily rises.

The financiers are confident that they can squeeze increasing returns from shale fields – without price gains – as technology continues to cut costs.  In addition, “Demand for oil has been more robust than anyone imagined three years ago,” said Mark Papa, chief executive of Centennial Resource Development Inc. (CDEV.O).

What now…This year’s drilling rush could be tested if global supplies grow too fast or if demand cools. The U.S. drilling rig count is rising at its fastest pace in six years and U.S. crude stockpile are close to 533 million barrels – near an all-time high and enough to supply the United States for 25 days.

In summary...”Shale funders look at the economics today and see a lot of projects that work in the $40 to $55 range” per barrel of oil, said Howard Newman, head of private equity fund Pine Brook Road Partners, which last month committed to invest $300 million in startup Admiral Permian Resources LLC to drill in West Texas.

Source: Earnest Scheyder, “Undaunted by oil bust, financiers pour billions into U.S. shale, Reuters, 17 April 2017

Russia Cutting Oil Production As US Shale Escalates

Massive Oil Discoveries In Texas

Introduction…Russia plans to fulfill its obligations to cut oil output in line with the agreement between oil producing countries by the end of April, while more broadly assessing longer-term structural developments in the market, according to the country’s energy minister.

“Russia is reducing its oil production in stages, in accordance with the plans that we worked out voluntarily with our production companies,” Alexander Novak told CNBC during an exclusive interview in Arkhangelsk, Russia.

“The decrease in production in January and February were ahead of tempo with regards our initial plans. Currently, in March we have already reached a reduction level of 200,000 barrels a day. We anticipate complying with the figure set forth in the agreement by the end of April,” he revealed, noting this would constitute a reduction of 300,000 barrels of oil per day.

US Shale Escalates...The Russian energy minister’s comments come amid changes in U.S. policy under new President Donald Trump who has pushed forward the idea of energy independence for the country by executive order. This as recent months have seen a resurgence in activity by U.S. shale producers who have been encouraged to return to supplying the market given a rebound in the oil price.

“It’s clear that we are all assessing the situation in a sober fashion, we understand that there will be a rise in the production of shale oil” …Novak, “acknowledging that the rise in shale oil production could be up to 400,000 barrels a day this year.”

In summary…The oil producers are acknowledging that U.S. oil independence is not new.  Now President Donald Trump is pushing forward with executive order to that goal with his “America First Energy Plan.”

Source: Gemma Action, “Amid surging US shale, Russia is quietly cutting production and looking at bigger picture,” CNBC, 30 Mar 2017; “An America First Energy Plan,” WhiteHouse.gov.

Dumping Billions In Canadian Assets For Premian Basin

Permian Basin Assets Replaced Canadian Assets

Introduction…Marathon Oil (NYSE: MRO) is selling its Canadian subsidiary, including the company’s 20 percent non-operated interest in the Athabasca Oil Sands Project, to Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Canadian Natural Resources Ltd. for around $2.5 billion in cash, according to a March 9 release.

Additionally, Marathon scooped up 70,000 acres in the Permian Basin from Midland, Texas-based BC Operating Inc. in a deal worth about $1.1 billion, per the release. That includes about 51,500 acres in the Northern Delaware Basin portion of the Permian.

According to the Wall Street Journal, Shell announced it’s selling all of its Canadian oil-sands projects for around $7.25 billion. Shell will keep a 10 percent interest in Athabasca with Canadian Natural (NYSE: CNQ). Meanwhile, Irving, Texas-based rival Exxon Mobil Corp. (NYSE: XOM) recently said production wasn’t profitable in the region and removed around 3.3 billion barrels of oil from its stated reserves, much of which was attributed to the oil sands, the WSJ reports.

In conclusion... Canadian oil sands are falling out of favor with majors due to its high production costs.  On the other hand, Permian Basin oil and gas production is highly favored due to its relatively low production cost and its well established iinfrastructure .

Permian Basin is also favored by our partners who are purchasing saltwater disposal wells due to increased production of water from the new oil production.

Why Major Oil Company Goes Big On US Shale

 Apache Oil Co. Drilling Near Davis Mountains

Introduction…A major oil company does big on US shale drilling.  Here’s why.

Exxon goes big on U.S. shale. New ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) CEO Darren Woods gave his first presentation to investors this week, where he outlined a strategy to step up investment in U.S. shale.

Exxon will allocate a quarter of its 2017 budget to short-cycle shale projects. The move will help the oil major navigate an uncertain market, as cash can be returned to the company much quicker from shale drilling than it can from the major offshore projects that Exxon has long been accustomed to.

Still, Exxon will move forward aggressively on its large offshore discovery in Guyana, hoping to bring it online in the next few years.

Conclusion…It’s quicker positive cash flow that brings ExxonMobil to shale oil production.  Even a company this big wants a quicker return on its capital expenditures.

Why Saltwater Disposal Wells Attract Investors

Saltwater Disposal Wells

Introduction...Last October we discussed here The Surprising Discovery Of One Oil Executive.    Now we want to continue that discussion Why Saltwater Disposal Wells Attract Investors by enjoying the ATM of the oil patch as described by insiders.

  • Location – The proximity of the Saltwater Disposal Wells “CSWD” to producing fields is critical, as the cost of transporting produced water to a disposal facility is one of the larger recurring expenses that an operator incurs. Our next facility is one of three in this immediate area.  However, none of them will accept saltwater from outside truckers.  They use their wells for the water they produce only.  As a result, the truckers are driving by this property and driving as much as an additional 50 miles to dispose of their water.
  • Water Commitment – Our well currently under contract is being utilized for only 10% of its daily licensed disposal capacity.  With trucks driving past the property every day, it will be relatively easy to convert them to customers.  The good news is contract requires the grandson of the seller be allowed by dispose of his water which is the current 10% utilization.  By the way, this small utilization is profitable as is.
  • Commitment to the Customer – The management of our next facility also operates producing properties.  The management understands the other issues that concern an operator as it relates to choosing their disposal partner.  These Issues such include safety, ease and speed of off-loading.  Accurate and readily available reporting is important to the trucking company.

Conclusion: The steady cash flow that is not dependent on oil pricing or new discovery makes prime CSWD properties a valuable asset.  That is one reason these ATM’s of the oil patch rarely come up for sale.  However, we have found a seller who is retiring and wants to spend more time with his wife.  Does this intrigue you? Drop me an email if you desire additional information on this discovery.  We have a current property under contract that meets  these requirements.

This has been Bill Moist, MS, CPA reporting today Why Saltwater Disposal Wells Attract Investors.

On Saudi Pledge Oil Climbs To 17-Month High

Bloomberg: Non-OPEC Producers Join Deal to Cut Production

Introduction:  Largest oil producers strengthen commitment to tighten supply, Non-OPEC countries agree to trim output 558,000 barrel per day next year.

Oil advanced to the highest since July 2015 after Saudi Arabia signaled it’s ready to cut output more than earlier agreed and non-OPEC countries including Russia pledged to pump less next year.  WTI closed Monday at $52.83 P/B.

Futures climbed 2.6 percent in New York and 2.5 percent in London. Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih said Saturday the biggest crude exporter will “cut substantially to be below” the target agreed on last month with members of OPEC. His comments followed a deal by 11 non-OPEC countries to join forces with the group and trim output by 558,000 barrels a day next year, the first pact between the rivals in 15 years.

U.S. oil futures have gained almost 20 percent since the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed on Nov. 30 to cut output for the first time in eight years. Saudi Arabia, which initiated OPEC’s decision in 2014 to pump without limits, is leading efforts to regain control of the market. The OPEC and non-OPEC plan encompasses countries that produce about 60 percent of the world’s crude.

OPEC Collaboration…”The main impact of the non-OPEC collaboration is to pull the global market into balance, if not in deficit, in the second quarter of 2017, rather than in the third quarter,” said Sarah Emerson, managing director of ESAI Energy in Wakefield, Massachusetts. “On an annual average basis, this pushed the global balance into a 200,000 to 300,000 barrel-a-day deficit for the year.”

Oil prices at $60 a barrel would be “ideal” for OPEC as higher levels risk sparking a recovery in competing supplies from the U.S., Nigerian Minister of State for Petroleum Emmanuel Kachikwu said in a Bloomberg Television interview.

Conclusion…U.S. exporters rushed back to the shale patch with the largest weekly addition of oil rigs since July 2015 according to Baker Hughes.  OPEC deal cous drain almots half of the global oil surplus.

Sources:  Mark Shenk, Oil Climbs to 17-Month High on Saudi Pledge, Non-OPEC Output Cut, Bloomberg, December 11, 2016; Gran Smith, OPEC-Russia Deal Could Drain Almost Half the Global Oil Surplus, Bloomberg December 12, 2016; Non-OPEC oil producer to cut output 558,000 barrels a day, CNBC, December 10, 2016